Pangasinan: The Most Populated Province in the Philippines (Results from the 2000 Census of Population and Housing, NSO)

Reference Number: 

2002-136

Release Date: 

Tuesday, September 10, 2002

 

Population expected to double in 29 years

Pangasinan, with a total population of 2,434,086 based on the results of 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000), was the largest province in the country. This figure was higher by 255,674 persons than the 1995 population. It registered an average annual growth of 2.40 percent, higher than the 1.41 percent growth rate during the 1990 to 1995 period. If the current rate continues, the population of the province is expected to double in 29 years. Likewise, a corresponding increase on the number of households was also observed, from 415,160 households in 1995 to 477,819 households in 2000. This resulted to an average household size of 5.09 persons, lower than the 5.24 average household size recorded in 1995.

San Carlos City was the largest in terms of population size

Among the 45 municipalities and three cities of Pangasinan, San Carlos City had the largest population comprising 6.34 percent of the total provincial population. Followed next were Dagupan City (5.35 percent), the municipality of Malasiqui (4.65 percent) and City of Urdaneta (4.58 percent). Lingayen, the provincial capital, ranked sixth with 3.65 percent. On the other hand, the least populated was the municipality of Sto. Tomas accounting for 0.51 percent of the total provincial population.

More males than females

Pangasinan had 1,221 thousand males and 1,212 thousand females. These figures resulted to a sex ratio of 101 males for every 100 females. There were more males than females in the age group 0 to 44 years. At older age groups, there were more females than males.

Of the total population, there were 1,387 thousand persons or 56.99 percent belonging to the voting population (aged 18 years and above). Among the voting population, the proportion was slightly higher for females (50.46 percent) than for males (49.54 percent).

There were 594,456 or 49 percent of the total females in the childbearing or reproductive ages (15 to 49 years).

Three out of five persons belonged to economically active population

Almost 59 percent of the population comprised the economically active population (aged 15 to 64 years). Population aged 0 to 14 years (young dependents) constituted 36.54 percent of the total population while 4.97 percent for 65 years old and over (old dependents). The overall dependency ratio in 2000 was 70.97, lower than the 1995 ratio of 77.36. This meant that for every 100 economically active persons there were 71 dependents, of which, 62 persons were young dependents and 9 persons, old dependents.

More female degree holders than males

Among the household population aged five years and over,37.98 percent had attended/completed elementary education; and 34.30 percent, high school. Those who had achieved higher education comprised 18.95 percent.

There were more males than females among those who had attended or completed high school (51.49 percent) and post-secondary courses (56.25 percent). On the other hand, there were more females who had attended/completed elementary (50.72 percent), were college undergraduates (50.77 percent), academic degree holders (59.05 percent), and attended/completed post baccalaureate courses (63.31 percent).

Pangasinan and Ilocano comprised 91.85 percent of the household population

Majority of the household population in Pangasinan classified themselves as either Pangasinan/Panggalato (47.60 percent) or Ilocano (44.25) percent. The rest were either Tagalog (3.79 percent), Bolinao (1.96 percent), or were from other ethnic groups (2.41 percent).

More widows than widowers

Of the total population aged 10 years and over, 46.95 percent were married; 43.08 percent, never married; 4.89 percent, widowed; 0.79 percent, separated/divorced persons; and 2.77 percent had other marital arrangements.

Three out of four widowed persons were females.

Majority of the housing units were single houses

Of the occupied housing units in Pangasinan, 96.62 percent were single houses, 1.29 percent were duplex while 0.62 percent were multi-residential.

Majority (70.72 percent) of the occupied housing units either needed minor repair or did not need any repair at all. This was lower by 2.63 percentage points from the 1990 figure (68.09 percent). One out of three occupied housing units was relatively new (built from 1996 to 2000.

Roof and outer walls of most houses were made of strong materials

About 78 percent of the total occupied housing units in Pangasinan used galvanized iron/aluminum for the roof, higher by 21.03 percentage points than the 1990 proportion (56.48). Likewise, the proportion of housing units that used concrete/brick/stone for the outer walls also increased, from 18.61 percent in 1990 to 37.91 percent in 2000. On the hand, the proportion of housing unit that used bamboo/sawali/cogon/nipa as outer walls declined, from 47.21 percent in 1990 to 29.21percent in 2000.

PANGASINAN

Pangasinan is situated in the northern western portion of the plains of Luzon. The province is bounded by La Union, Benguet and Nueva Vizcaya on the northeast, Nueva Ecija on the east and Tarlac and Zambales on the south.

In Pangasinan, there were several ethnic groups who enriched the cultural fabric of the province. Almost half of the people were Pangasinenses and the rest were decendants of Ilocano migrants who settled the eastern and western parts of the province.

In Ilocos Region, Pangasinan is the biggest province and much of the land is flat and devoted to agriculture. It produces huge amount of rice, corn, legumes, vegetables and fruits.

Among the tourist attraction are the Hundred Islands National Park, white sand beaches and unique marine ecosystem.

Source: Website of the League of Provinces in the Philippines (www.leagueofprovinces.org.ph)

(Sgd.) CARMELITA N. ERICTA
Administrator

 

Table 1. Total Population Distribution of Top Five Municipalities: Pangasinan, 2000


Municipalities Total Population Percent
Pangasinan 2,434,086 100.00
     San Carlos City 154,264 6.34
     Dagupan City 130,328 5.35
     Malasiqui 113,190 4.65
     City of Urdaneta 111,582 4.58
     Bayambang 96,609 3.97
     Other Municipalities 1,828,113 75.10

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 2. Total Population by Age Group, Sex and Sex Ratio: Pangasinan, 2000


Age Group Total Population Male Female Sex Ratio
Pangasinan 2,434,086 1,221,153 1,212,933 100.68
     Under 1 60,368 31,003 29,365 105.58
     1 to 4 237,791 120,682 117,109 103.05
     5 to 9 303,693 155,623 148,070 105.10
     10 to 14 287,462 145,711 141,751 102.79
     15 to 19 257,892 131,869 126,023 104.64
     20 to 24 216,313 109,817 106,496 103.12
     25 to 29 184,350 93,759 90,591 103.50
     30 to 34 169,193 85,821 83,372 102.94
     35 to 39 147,704 75,208 72,496 103.74
     40 to 44 127,188 63,889 63,299 100.93
     45 to 49 104,280 52,101 52,179 99.85
     50 to 54 93,073 45,584 47,489 95.99
     55 to 59 67,329 32,489 34,840 93.25
     60 to 64 56,387 26,170 30,217 86.61
     65 to 69 42,868 19,080 23,788 80.21
     70 to 74 31,610 13,528 18,082 74.81
     75 to 79 22,721 9,501 13,220 71.87
     80 & Over 23,864 9,318 14,546 64.06

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 3. Household Population 5 Years Old and Over by Highest Educational Attainment and Sex:
Pangasinan, 2000


Highest Educational Attainment Household Population
5 Years Old & Over
Male Female
Pangasinan 2,134,047 1,068,288 1,065,759
     No Grade Completed 90,146 45,200 44,946
     Pre-School 42,854 21,589 21,265
     Elementary 810,459 399,415 411,044
     High School 732,033 376,896 355,137
     Post Secondary 107,614 60,529 47,085
     College Undergraduate 197,548 97,251 100,297
     Academic Degree Holder 90,825 37,197 53,628
     Post Baccalaureate 8,450 3,100 5,350
     Not Stated 54,118 27,111 27,007

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 4. Household Population by Ethnicity and Sex: Pangasinan, 2000


Ethnicity Both Sexes Male Female
Pangasinan 2,432,128 1,219,935 1,212,193
     Pangasinan/Panggalato 1,157,613 581,310 576,303
     Ilocano 1,076,219 540,997 535,222
     Tagalog 92,094 44,938 47,156
     Bolinao 47,699 24,185 23,514
     Others 38,871 19,031 20,840
     Not Reported 18,632 9,474 9,158

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 5. Total Population 10 Years Old and Over by Age Group and Marital Status: Pangasinan, 2000


Age Group Total Population 10 Years Old & Over Single Married Widowed Divorced/Separated Others Unknown
Pangasinan 1,832,234 789,284 860,300 89,616 14,493 50,831 18,710
     Below 20 545,354 511,423 18,749 697 326 4,351 9,808
     20 - 24 216,313 143,508 60,624 571 706 7,876 3,028
     25 - 29 184,350 66,009 106,386 920 1,311 7,994 1,730
     30 - 34 169,193 30,467 126,538 1,673 1,960 7,499 1,056
     35 - 39 147,704 15,226 120,821 2,609 2,193 6,249 606
     40 - 44 127,188 8,781 106,660 4,012 2,176 5,085 474
     45 - 49 104,280 5,869 86,617 5,736 1,850 3,889 319
     50 - 54 93,073 4,670 75,113 8,482 1,576 2,911 321
     55 - 59 69,329 3,122 52,300 9,032 908 1,722 245
     60 - 64 56,387 2,671 40,633 10,907 641 1,285 250
     65 - 69 53,868 2,069 28,025 11,326 380 839 229
     70 - 74 31,610 1,657 18,123 10,886 219 513 212
     75 - 79 22,721 1,257 11,167 9,638 141 352 166
     80 & Over 23,864 1,555 8,544 13,127 106 266 266

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

Table 6. Occupied Housing Units by Construction Materials of Outer Walls and Roof: Pangasinan, 2000


CONSTRUCTION
MATERIALS OF THE
OUTER WALLS
Total
Occupied
Housing
Units
CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS OF THE ROOF
Galvanized
Iron/
Aluminum
Tile/
Concrete/
Clay Tile
Half
Galvanized,
Iron/Half
Concrete
Cogon/
Nipa/
Anahaw
Wood Makeshift/
Salvaged/
Improvised
Materials
Asbestos/
Others
Not Reported
Pangasinan 466,264 361,394 2,619 22,308 66,248 4,643 1,807 7,245
     Concrete/Brick/Stone 176,770 170,983 1,784 2,279 1,123 351 44 206
     Wood 30,873 24,628 126 865 3,080 2,063 62 49
     Half Concrete/Brick/
Stone and Half Wood
102,026 83,108 501 15,061 2,216 943 48 149
     Galvanized Iron/
Aluminum
2,907 2,111 34 485 177 86 11 3
     Bamboo/Sawali/Nipa 136,194 73,489 - 3,328 57,616 1,084 383 294
     Others/Not Reported 17,494 7,075 174 290 2,036 116 1,259 6,544

Source: NSO, 2000 Census of Population and Housing

 

TECHNICAL NOTES

Average Household Size - average number of people who live in the household

Growth Rate - the rate at which the population is increasing (or decreasing) in a given year due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the base population

Median Age - the age at which exactly half of the population is young and half is old

Sex Ratio - the ratio of males to females in a given population expressed as the number of males per 100 females

Age-Dependency Ratio - the ratio of persons in the "dependent" ages (under 15 years and over 64 years) to those in the "economically productive" ages (15 to 64 years old) in the population

Household - a social unit consisting of a person or a group of persons who sleep in the same housing unit and have common arrangements in the preparation and consumption of food

The 2000 Census of Population and Housing (Census 2000) was undertaken by the National Statistics Office (NSO) in May 2000, as mandated by Commonwealth Act No.591, Batas Pambansa Blg. 72 and Executive Order No 121. It was the 11th census of population and 5th census of housing undertaken in this country since the first census in 1903. It was designed to take an inventory of the total population and housing units all over the Philippines and to collect information about their characteristics. Census day for the Census 2000 was May 1, 2000 (12:01 a.m.). Enumeration started on May 1, 2000 and lasted for about 30 days.

 

Tags: